Regulation (EC) No 834/2007

Council Regulation

organiceulogoCouncil Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91

This regulation establishes the legal framework for all levels of production, distribution, control and labelling of organic products which may be offered and traded in the EU. It determines the continued development of organic production through the provision of clearly defined goals and principles. General production, control and labelling guidelines were established by the Council Regulation and can therefore only be changed by the European Council of Agricultural Ministers. The previous Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91 is simultaneously repealed.

The new labelling regulations in connection with the obligatory use of the EU organic logo were postponed until 1 July 2010 by an amendment to the Council Regulation.

Area of applicability

The Council Regulation applies to the following agricultural products, including aquaculture and yeast:

  • Living or unprocessed products
  • Processed foods
  • Animal feed
  • Seeds and propagating material

Collection of wild plants and seaweed is also included in the scope of this Regulation
Not included in its scope:

  • Products from hunting and fishing of wild animals.

Commission Regulations

The following Commission Regulations have been adopted thus far:

          - for organic yeast, Commission Regulation (EC) 1254/2008 of 15 December 2008 and

          - for organic aquaculture animal and seaweed production, Commission Regulation
            (EC) No 710/2009 of 5 August 2009

In Commission Regulation (EC) No. 889/2008 all levels of plant and animal production are regulated, from the cultivation of land and keeping of animals to the processing and distribution of organic foods and their control. They go into great technical detail and are, for the most part, an extension of the original organic Regulation, except where this was regulated differently in the Council Regulation.

Multiple Annexes are attached to the Commission Regulation. Within these one can find the following:

  • Products permitted in organic farming, such as fertilisers, soil ameliorants and pesticides
  • Minimum requirements on the size of housing and exercise areas including pastures for organic livestock, depending on animal species and development stage.
  • Non-organic animal feed, feed additives and processing aids for the production of compound feed and premixtures permitted in organic farming.
  • Non-organic ingredients, additives and processing aids permitted in organic food production (including yeast production).
  • Requirements on the Community logo.

These Annexes and other parts of this Commission Regulation can be supplemented by the Commission so as to keep them up to date in regard to continuing developments in technology, science and the organic market.

In order to facilitate the implementation of the new rules and to incorporate some expiring exemptions of the previous organic Regulation, transitional measures were laid down.

In addition to EU legislation on organic farming and organic production, organically operating farmers and processors must also adhere to generally applicable rules on agricultural production and processing of agricultural products. That means that all generally applicable rules on the regulation of the production, processing, marketing, labelling and control of agricultural products also apply to organic foods.
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